The agreement entered into force on 4 November 2016, 30 days after at least 55 countries representing at least 55% of global emissions ratified it on 5 October 2016. The quality of each country on track to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement can be continuously monitored online (via the Climate Action Tracker and the Climate Clock). While the expanded transparency framework is universal, as is the global inventory to be held every five years, the framework aims to provide « integrated flexibility » to distinguish between the capacities of developed and developing countries. In this context, the Paris Agreement includes provisions to improve the capacity building framework.  The agreement recognises the different circumstances of some countries and notes in particular that the technical expert review for each country takes into account that country`s specific reporting capacity.  The agreement also develops an initiative to enhance transparency to help developing countries put in place the institutions and processes necessary to comply with the transparency framework.  Under the agreement, each country has an individual plan (or national contributions) to combat its greenhouse gas emissions. Although mitigation and adaptation require increased climate finance, adjustment has generally received less support and mobilized less private sector action.  A 2014 OECD report indicated that in 2014, only 16% of global funds were devoted to climate change adaptation.
 The Paris Agreement called for a balance between climate finance between adaptation and mitigation, and in particular highlighted the need to increase support for adaptation to parties most vulnerable to the effects of climate change, including least developed countries and small island developing states. The agreement also reminds the parties of the importance of public subsidies, as adaptation measures receive less investment from the public sector.  John Kerry, as Secretary of State, announced that the United States would double grant-based adjustment funding by 2020.  Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, which set legally binding emission reduction targets (and sanctions for non-compliance) only for developed countries, the Paris Agreement requires all countries – rich, poor, developed and developing – to contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. To this end, the Paris Agreement incorporates greater flexibility: there is no language about the commitments countries should make, nations can voluntarily set their emissions targets (NNCs), and countries will not be punished if they fail to meet their proposed targets. But what the Paris Agreement requires is to monitor, report and reassess countries` individual and collective goals over time, in order to bring the world closer to the broader goals of the agreement. And the agreement includes an obligation for countries to announce their next round of targets every five years, unlike the Kyoto Protocol, which aimed at this target but did not contain a specific requirement to achieve it. It is rare that there is a consensus among almost all nations on a single subject. But with the Paris Agreement, world leaders agreed that climate change was fueled by human behavior, that it posed a threat to the environment and humanity as a whole, and that global action was needed to stop it. In addition, a clear framework has been put in place for all countries to make emission reduction commitments and strengthen these measures over time.
Here are some important reasons why the agreement is so important: under the Paris Agreement, each country must define, plan and report regularly on the contribution it makes to the fight against global warming.  No mechanism obliges a country to set a specific emissions target by a set date, but each target should go beyond the targets set previously. . . .