What Is In The Good Friday Agreement

The British Government is virtually out of the equation and neither the British Parliament nor the people have the legal right under this agreement to impede the achievement of Irish unity if it had the consent of the peoples of the north and south. Our nation is and remains a nation with 32 counties. Antrim and Down are and will remain as much a part of Ireland as any county in the south. [20] Among the participants in the agreement were two sovereign states (the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland) with armed and police forces involved in the unrest. Two political parties, Sinn Féin and the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP), were linked to paramilitary organisations: the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) and the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) respectively. The Ulster Democratic Party (UDP), which was linked to the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), had withdrawn from the talks three months earlier. The agreement establishes a framework for the establishment and number of institutions in three « policy areas ». The agreement was approved by voters across the island of Ireland in two referendums on 22 May 1998. In Northern Ireland, in the 1998 referendum on the Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland, voters were asked if they supported the multi-party agreement. In the Republic of Ireland, voters were asked whether they would allow the state to sign the agreement and allow the necessary constitutional amendments (Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Ireland) to facilitate it. Citizens of both jurisdictions had to approve the agreement for it to enter into force. The agreement provided for the establishment of an independent commission to review police regulation in Northern Ireland, « including ways to promote broad community support » for these arrangements. The UK government has also committed to a « comprehensive review » of the criminal justice system in Northern Ireland.

The peace process has succeeded over the past two decades in finally filling the violence of the unrest. Since the conclusion of the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, it has been necessary to pursue a number of successive political and legal agreements in order to consolidate the peace settlement envisaged in the GFA. In addition to the number of signatories[Note 1], Stefan Wolff notes the following similarities and differences between the issues addressed in the two agreements [28] The multi-party agreement is an agreement between the British government, the Irish government and most of the political parties in Northern Ireland. .